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Signalling the Caledonian Railway

cover illustration
Signalling the Caledonian Railway


Jim Summers

328 pages. 275x215mm. Printed on gloss art paper, casebound with printed board covers.

ISBN13 : 9781899889914

£30.00


description & sample pictures for this book »


CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION................................................................................................. 7

Chapter 1: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES........................................................................ 9

Chapter 2: CONTROLLING THE PASSAGE OF TRAINS............................................... 21

2.1: The Block System...................................................................................... 21

2.2: Single Lines................................................................................................ 37

The Callander & Oban Line.......................................................................................40

The Caledonian Tablet Catcher.................................................................................47

How the Single Line Signalling Evolved Around Newtyle................................51

Ingenuity with Train Staff and Ticket......................................................................52

Chapter 3: ORGANISING....................................................................................................... 53

3.1: Signalling, Telegraphing and Traffic Working.................................... 53

3.2: Company Men and Contractors.............................................................. 67

Engineering Men..........................................................................................................68

Signal Engineer and Author: Leonard Pinnegar Lewis........................................70

Traffic Men: T.W. Pettigrew and Robert Killin......................................................71

Robert Currer, District Traffic Superintendent.......................................................72

The Life, Times and Tragic Death of a Caledonian Signalman...........................75

Stevens & Sons.............................................................................................................77

Tyer & Co. Ltd...............................................................................................................80

3.3: Mutual Support.......................................................................................... 84

Chapter 4: READING THE SIGNALS.................................................................................. 85

4.1: The Meanings............................................................................................. 85

4.2: A Closer Look............................................................................................. 97

Chapter 5: LIFE IN THE SIGNAL BOX................................................................................ 119

Chapter 6: RODS, POLES AND WIRES............................................................................... 135

6.1: Working Points and Signals.................................................................... 135

6.2: Ground Frames.......................................................................................... 145

6.3: Covering Up............................................................................................... 149

6.4: Level Crossings.......................................................................................... 151

6.5: Tablet Exchange......................................................................................... 155

6.6: Poles and Routes........................................................................................ 157

Chapter 7: SIGNALLING SCHEMES................................................................................... 165

Chapter 8: THE CALEDONIAN SIGNAL BOX INSIDE AND OUT............................. 195

8.1: A First Look Round................................................................................... 195

8.2: The Architectural Language of the Caledonian Signal box.............. 209

Chapter 9: EARLY DAYS.......................................................................................................... 245

Chapter 10: THE MORE RARE AND UNUSUAL................................................................ 263

Signalling Ships...........................................................................................................266

Stone Signals.................................................................................................................268

Movable Bridges...........................................................................................................273

Stobcross East Junction...............................................................................................277

Down Below the City..................................................................................................279

One Box – Two Frames................................................................................................281

The Connel Ferry Bridge.............................................................................................285

Precaution Signals........................................................................................................286

Endless Variety..............................................................................................................288

Chapter 11: MODELLING CALEDONIAN SIGNALS....................................................... 289

APPENDICES......................................................................................................... 300

1: Sources...............................................................................................................................299

2: Lever Collars......................................................................................................................300

3: The Caledonian Block Instrument................................................................................300

4: A Showdown at Hilton Junction...................................................................................301

5: List of Station and other Signal Boxes for Passenger Lines 1899............................304

6: Caledonian Railway Train Staffs...................................................................................305

7: Drawings of Caledonian Signals..................................................................................307

8: Locations of Caledonian Signal Boxes.........................................................................310

9: Extant Caledonian Signal Boxes....................................................................................316

10: Signalling Symbols........................................................................................................317

11: A Selection of Track Diagrams and Box Plans..........................................................319

12: Engine Head Lights and Discs.....................................................................................323

13: Detonator Placing Machines........................................................................................324

INDEX...................................................................................................................... 325




INDEX

Aberdeen, Denburn Sth Jun 116, 117, 118

Accidents

Germiston Junction 32

Glasgow Cross 279

Glasgow Central LL 279

Grangemouth Junction 24

Greenhill Junction 59

Port Glasgow 246

Quintinshill 61, 66, 124, 126

Stirling Motorail 33

Alton Heights 174

Alyth 165f

Appendix 13, 251

Arms, semaphore

angle 10, 102

back-to-back 264ff

dimensions 98, 100

distant 86

dwarf 25, 26

home 86, 100, 105

last Caledonian 6, 8

miniature 121

repeater 138, 162

stacked 17, 18, 26

wood 98

Backlights 86

Balance levers 87, 100, 103

Balhousie 319

Balquidder 8, 37, 140

Balerno Junction 126

Banking staff 45

Bannockburn 167

Barnhill 162, 209

Barnton 289

Bars, locking, fouling, balance 139, 141,

Beattock 85

Bells and gongs 23, 126

Bell signals 28, 122f, 251ff

Bell signalling for modellers 36

Benderloch 46

Bervie 247

Block instruments 198, 300

Block switch 126, 127

Block System

absolute 9, 21

indicators 121f, 198

progress 9

sections 7, 62

working 28f

Blocking back 126f

Board of Trade 128

Bogston 284

Brackets 106f

Brechin 109

Bridge of Dun 106

Bridges,

Alloa 273ff

Connel Ferry 285

movable 273ff

signal 106, 113, 116

Broughty Ferry 16, 88

Buchanan Street 26, 45, 65, 287

Buckingham Junction 281f

Cabin boys 64, 124f, 128, 130

Callander 103

Callander & Oban Railway 9, 38ff, 41ff

Camperdown Junction 6

Carlisle 9

Carnwath 97

Carstairs 107, 115

Catch points see Points

Cathcart 162

Cathcart Junction 284

Cathcart West Junction 171

Codes

bell 251, 253

telegraphic 56

Connel Ferry 46, 49, 51, 283

Coatbridge 135

Colours

Arms, lights 86f, 96, 99, 248f

boxes 207

posts 99, 107

spectacles 9

Contractors 67

Control Office 124

Cornton 154

Costs 203

Coupar Angus 164

Covering, timber 148ff

Craigo 246

Crawford 66

Crianlarich 39, 44

Crieff, East and West 1, 16, 146

Detection 139

Detonators 35, 324

Discs, classification 120

Display, night 89

Dropflap – see Signals, dropflap

Droop, angle of 102, 103

Drumlithie 319

Dunblane 27, 35, 143

Dundee West 265, 319

Edzell 236ff

Eglinton Street 95, 113f, 322, 324

Electric tablet – see Tablet

Engineers operations 35

Engine headlights and discs 323

Emergencies 123

Eyesight testing 19

Failures 120f

Finials

signal 101

signal box 213

telegraph post 160

Fitters, signal 74, 84

Fogsignalmen 58, 120

Fog and falling snow 58, 120, 324

Forfar 53

Forgandenny 76

Forteviot 154

Forth Bridge 155

Frames

C&O Railway 43

ground 138, 113f, 145ff

Saxby & Farmer 44, 54

Stevens 196

Germiston Junction 32, 283

Giffnock 10

Glasgow Central box 58, 67, 187, 190f

Glasgow Central High Level 185ff

Glasgow Central Railway 66

Glencruitten 45

Gleneagles 109

Glenlochy 45, 49

GPO (General Post Office) 157f

Grangemouth 17, 18, 117, 146,

169

Granton Gasworks 144

Greenfoot 151

Greenhill 59, 52, 111, 119

Green Road 154

Guthrie Junction 163

Guys 106, 159,

Handlamp 126

Haughhead Junction 170

Hilton Junction 256, 301

Horwich Works 67

Innovation 64

Inspecting Officer 128, 255, 279f

Insulators, telegraph 158f

Cordeaux 159

spindle 159

shackle 160

Interlaced loop 43, 146, 156

Interlocking 43, 198, 199

Junctions 25, 27

Kilbowie 53, 54

Kilsyth & Bonnybridge 259ff

Killin Junction East 15, 43, 47, 144,

156

Killin Junction West 47

Kinnaber Junction 27, 175f

Kirklee 288

Kirkpatrick 122

Ladders 97f

Lamps 9, 103, 104, 105,

106, 120

Lampmen 103, 105

Larbert 15, 53, 85, 90, 102

Last vehicle indicator 123

Law Junction 327

Lead-out, lead-away 137

Leith North 17

Level crossings 150f

gates 152, 154

Requirements 153, 150

Lever collar 122, 125, 126,

200, 201, 300

Levers

colour 196f

point 147

Light repeater 138

Lines worked in both directions 122

Lincoln 164

Lock and Block 81, 83, 122

Lockbars – see Bars

Locking, lever and latch 135

Loch Tay 8

Luncarty 328

Margining 120, 124

Mode of signalling 123, 133

Models 29, 30,

Moncrieffe Tunnel 35

Monikie 143

Nameboards 195, 201

Newtyle 39, 51

Notices, printed 20, 35

Nomenclature 59, 195

Oban 45

Oban Goods Jun 7, 92, 94, 127, 155

Opening of signal boxes, trend 55

Organisation

charts 60

Engineering 53

Signal engineering 55

Signalmen 53

Telegraph engineering 56

Traffic 59ff

Peebles 172f

People

Alexander, Forbes 4, 8

Barr, Thomas 69

Currer, Robert 65, 72f, 122

Dunn, A. 65, 68

Hunter, William 75

Kempt, Irvine 251, 178, 256

Killin, Robert 59, 61, 71

Lewis. L.P. 70

Matheson, Donald 65

Nicol, Ed 4, 8

Murray, Hugh 58

Paton, D. 61

Pettigrew, T. 71

Sawyers, Tom 122

Steven, John 65, 68

Stevenson, W. 68

Tyer, Edward 80

Webb, F. 139

Permanent Way staff 58, 84

Perth 102, 112, 177ff,

256, 325

Pilotman 33f, 36

Pinnacles 101

Points

catch, runaway 143, 33, 33f, 43

interlaced loop 43, 146, 156

facing point lock 139, 140

trap 23, 24, 33, 143

Poles

telegraph 157

routes 157

Postmaster General 57

Posts

signal 87

lattice 97, 98

wooden 243, 258

Princes Dock 36

Principles 9

Protection 21

Quadrants 85

Railway Clearing House

Supts’ Committee 12, 250

Refuge sidings 91

Regulation of Rlys. Act 1889 9, 51, 121

Regulation of train running 124

Requirements and Regulations 12, 13, 14, 37,

137, 150

Repeaters, arm and light 138, 162

Rockcliffe 2f

Rodding 135, 137ff, 148

Routing 124, 129

Rule Book 12, 76, 251

Modifications 12

Rule 55 18

Runaway catch points – see Points

Sealed undertaking 37

Sectional Councils 58

Shipping 266ff

Signals

advanced starting 120

backing, wrong line 14, 92f

calling-on 14, 90

co-acting 116

distant 16, 22ff, 88

dropflap 10, 24, 94, 112

dwarf 88

early 248f

fixed 85, 88

ground 24, 92

home (stop) 22ff, 86

home, outer and inner 124

precaution 286f

running 86

shunting 88

shunt ahead 91

splitting 171

starting 22ff

Stone 268

subsidiary 90

tunnel 279

Signal boxes

architecture 207ff

arm/Light Repeater 200

classification 64, 211

construction 53

diagrams 31

direction board 198, 201

domestic 130, 132, 198

frames 198f

grading 120

furniture 198

instruments 198, 300

lamproom 206

lever collars 122, 125, 126, 200,

201, 300

lighting 198

locking tray 199

location maps 310ff

nomenclature 12f, 194

number of 7

privacy 127f

special instructions 31

standard box, L&A 209

switching in/out 46, 138

stairs 204

toilets 198

windows 202f

wire regulator 19

Signal boxes, locations

Aberdeen Centre 238

Aberdeen West 197, 221

Alton Heights 157, 174f

Alyth Junction 18, 111, 230

Appin 228

Ardrossan No. 1 226

Ardrossan North No. 2 226

Arkleston Junction 227

Auchlochan 146, 156

Auchterarder 131, 200, 231

Awe Crossing 241

Ballachulish 20

Balquhidder East 225

Balquhidder West 225

Barnhill N1 219

Barnhill N2 219

Bellside Junction 215

Benderloch 228

Berryards 216

Blackwood 130

Blantyre 229

Bo’ness 200

Bonnybridge Junction 202

Bonnymuir 234

Bowling 276, 322

Braidhurst 226

Braidwood 213

Bridge of Dun 230

Bridge Street 188, 217

Bridgeton Cross Junction 237

Bridgeton Cross Station 242

Broughty Ferry 218

Broughty Ferry Junction 221

Buchanan Street 222

Buchanan St Tunnel 1887 235

Buchanan St Tunnel 1909 235

Buckingham Junction 200f, 279f

Burrelton 218

Busby 229

Busby Junction 204

Callander East 219

Callander West 219

Cambuslang Goods 222

Cambusnethan 320

Camperdown Junction 6, 233

Carnwath 97

Carmyle Junction 226

Carstairs No. 1 214

Carstairs No. 2 115

Carstairs No. 3 223

Castlecary 234

Cathcart 244

Clocksbriggs 218

Coatbridge 135

Coltbridge Junction 226

Comrie 233

Connel Ferry West 234

Cook Street 202

Coupar Angus 231

Cove Bay 218

Craigenhill 195

Craigleith 215

Crawford 66, 245

Crianlarich West 237

Crieff 1, 230

Crieff West 146

Crossmyloof 223

Dalchonzie 240

Dalmally 233

Dalmarnock 237

Dalry Junction 226

Dalmarnock Junction 229

Doune West 224

Drumvaich 240

Dundee West 232

Dundyvan 31

Dunning 244

Ecclefechan 214

Edinburgh Princes St. 224

Eglinton St. Junction 238

Elliot Junction 231

Elvanfoot 223

Ferryhill Junction 243

Flemington 202

Floriston 223, 229

Forgandenny 218

Forfar North Junction 220

Forteviot 218

Fort Matilda 239

Friarton 212, 256

Garriongill Junction 241

Gartsherrie South Junction 234

Georgetown 214

Germiston Junction 32, 283

Giffnock 229

Glasgow Central 67, 217, 238

Glasgow Cent. LL West 236

Glasgow Green 236

Glasterlaw 218

Glencruitten 240

Glen Lochy 49, 240

Glenoglehead 220

Grangemouth No.1 232

Grangemouth No.2 202

Greenfoot 151

Greenhill South 236

Greenloaning 231

Greenock West 239

Greskine 213

Gretna Junction 223

Happendon 214

Haughhead Junction 170, 226

Hilton Junction 218

Ibrox 228

Kelvinbridge 224

Kentallen 228

Kilbirnie 204

Kilbowie 53, 54

Kinnaber Junction 176, 239

Kinbuck 234

Kingsknowe 215

Kirkbuddo 233

Kirtlebridge 229

Lamington 213

Lanark Junction 243

Lanark Racecourse 201

Langbank 214

Larbert South 230

Larkhall 237

Law Junction 241

Law Junction South 204

Laurencekirk 230

Leggatfoot 228

Lesmahagow 237

Lesmahagow Junction 236

Liff 231

Loch Awe 233

Lochearnhead 225

Lochee 233

Loch Tay 220

London Road Junction 236

Maryhill Junction 244

Midcalder 213

Milnwood Junction 223

Milton Junction 235

Monikie 143, 201

Motherwell South 222

Neilston Low 213, 241

Ninewells Junction 231, 326

Oban 207

Oban Goods Junction 155, 243

Orchardhall 204, 232, 276

Paisley Goods 227

Paisley St. James 223

Partick Central 222

Partick East Junction 224

Partick West Junction 227

Perth Down Centre 184

Perth Dovecotland Jun 184

Perth Princes Street 220

Perth Signalling Centre 244

Perth St. Leonard’s Jun 184

Perth Up Centre 184

Pollokshaws East 215

Pollokshields East 215

Port Glasgow 238